Though Mac OS X is extremely secure but the truth is that no operating system is 100% impenetrable. These days certain attacks of Trojan have affected the security issues badly. These attacks usually arrive from the third party software that contaminate the Mac with its adverse effects. With the increasing number of Mac users, they are easily becoming a victim of this growing number of attacks. So, lets discuss some points, which will help to keep the Mac secure.
1) Disable 'Open safe files' and Java in the browser settings
It is better to disable these options, as it will generate the security issues. And if we talk about Flash player, so Java is the target for the exploit writers to plant malware on the Mac machine. Working in a safe environment is much better to avoid such discrepancy.
2) Open up the non- admin account for daily activities
Using administrator account may give the gateway to malware writers to infect the Mac. Our everyday task involves email, downloads etc. , so new account will prevent from the threats and malware attacks during these activities.
3) Update the software
In recent cases, it has been noticed that the attacks of virus is just because of the outdated software. Whenever 'Apple software update' prompts, the user should fix that update and reboot the Machine. So, updating of the software involves some coding effects which will solve most of the issues. It has been recommended to use latest technology and updated software to be safe at least in security cases.
4) Disable Airport, Bluetooth, IPv6 like things
While doing web browsing, disconnect all such applications, which leads to connectivity services between user and hackers. These apps will generate the entry gates for the hackers to hack the data and inject malware. Also, IPv6 is the communication protocol that is rarely used but still it is a good practice to disable it and be on a safer side.
5) Enable FileVault
Now, in previous version of Mac OS X i.e. Lion, Apple added full disk encryption option which later on known as 'FileVault2'. This is very useful as it give you the benefit of securing the entire disk.
6) Installation of good Antivirus will be an added advantage
It is a common line that 'Mac doesn't get viruses' but the statement has been completely changed drastically. From 2011 onwards, the Trojan and several other viruses badly affect the Mac machine. Due to this updating good antivirus is mandatory for security purposes.
7) Update latest version of Adobe Reader
As the latest version of Adobe Reader has engraved with certain security parameters, so upgrading it will prevent your Mac.
8) Use built in password manager i.e. Keychain
This is a facility provided in Mac systems only which helps us to subsist with the phishing attacks. With the help of the Keychain facility, you can keep your entire difficult password in it. Also, select unique password with ASCII characters for every different account and instead of remembering it, just put it in the Keychain. Normally when sometimes your password is hacked by cybercriminals, they try that same password in every account. Due to this practice, they are sometimes successful in it. So, generating strong password will boost up the security level.
9) Enable the OS X Firewall
Now Mac has built in Firewall, which protects you from unwanted programs to access, and they are turned off by default. To enable it, just go in system preferences, then in security and there you could see the Firewall. Enabling it will allow the Mac users to control the network connections.
10) Uninstall Flash Player in settings
Now, Adobe flash player has been a common target for hackers. Update latest version of it will prevent from certain risk while browsing the Internet.
Therefore, above are the most important points to uplift the security level of Mac. Always keep updated with the latest software and attacks.